Electron Transport Phosphorylation

Electron Transport Phosphorylation - is made by the process...

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Electron Transport Phosphorylation Whereas Kreb's Cycle occurs in the matrix of the mitochondrion, the Electron Transport System (ETS) chemicals are embedded in the membranes known as the cristae . Kreb's cycle completely oxidized the carbons in the pyruvic acids, producing a small amount of ATP, and reducing NAD and FAD into higher energy forms. In the ETS those higher energy forms are cashed in, producing ATP. Cytochromes are molecules that pass the "hot potatoes" (electrons) along the ETS chain. Energy released by the "downhill" passage of electrons is captured as ATP by ADP molecules. The ADP is reduced by the gain of electrons. ATP formed in this way
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Unformatted text preview: is made by the process of oxidative phosphorylation. The mechanism for the oxidative phosphorylation process is the gradient of H + ions discovered across the inner mitochondrial membrane. This mechanism is known as chemiosmotic coupling. This involves both chemical and transport processes. Drops in the potential energy of electrons moving down the ETS chain occur at three points. These points turn out to be where ADP + P are converted into ATP. Potential energy is captured by ADP and stored in the pyrophosphate bond. NADH enters the ETS chain at the beginning, yielding 3 ATP per NADH. FADH 2 enters at Co-Q, producing only 2 ATP per FADH 2 ....
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