NUTRITION About 60% of the diet should be carbohydrates, obtained from foods such as milk, meat, vegetables, grains and grain products. The diet should contain at least 100 grams of carbohydrate every day. Recently, however, new recommendations have been developed that suggest a lowering of the amount of carbohydrate. A more detailed presentation of this topic may be fount at http://health.discovery.com/diseasesandcond/encyclopedia/2935.html . Proteins are polymers composed of amino acids. Proteins are found in meat, milk, poultry, fish, cereal grains and beans. They are needed for cellular growth and repair. Twenty amino acids are found in proteins, of which humans can make eleven. The remaining nine are the essential amino acids which must be supplied in the diet. Normally proteins are not used for energy, however during starvation (or a low-carb diet) muscle proteins are broken down for energy. Excess protein can be used for energy or converted to fats. Lipids and fats generate the greatest energy yield, so a large number of plants and
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