Plant Secondary Compounds

Plant Secondary Compounds - are chemical produced when...

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Plant Secondary Compounds Plants produce primary compounds important in their metabolism. They also produce secondary compounds that serve to attract pollinators, kill parasites, and prevent infectious diseases. Pea plants produce pisatin, a chemical that protects them from most strains of parasitic fungi. Some strains of the fungus ( Fusarium ) contain enzymes that inactivate pisatin, allowing them to infect pea plants. Some plants produce natural insecticides, such as pyrethrum, a chemical produced by chrysanthemums that is also commercially available to gardeners. Antinutrients
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Unformatted text preview: are chemical produced when plants are under attack. These compounds inhibit the action of enzymes in the insect's digestive system. More that 10,000 defensive chemicals have been identified, including caffeine, phenol, tannin, nicotine, and morphine. Some plant secondary compounds are useful to humans as 1. pesticides 2. medicines (salicylic acid, the main component in aspirin) 3. stimulants (caffeine, the most widely used psychoactive drug in the world) 4. chewing gum (chicle, a compound from the sapodilla tree in Mexico was used in the first chewing gum)....
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