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Summary of Mendel - 3 Male and female contributed equally...

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Summary of Mendel's Results: 1. The F1 offspring showed only one of the two parental traits, and always the same trait. 2. Results were always the same regardless of which parent donated the pollen (was male). 3. The trait not shown in the F1 reappeared in the F2 in about 25% of the offspring. 4. Traits remained unchanged when passed to offspring: they did not blend in any offspring but behaved as separate units. 5. Reciprocal crosses showed each parent made an equal contribution to the offspring. Mendel's Conclusions: 1. Evidence indicated factors could be hidden or unexpressed, these are the recessive traits. 2. The term phenotype refers to the outward appearance of a trait, while the term genotype is used for the genetic makeup of an organism.
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Male and female contributed equally to the offsprings' genetic makeup: therefore the number of traits was probably two (the simplest solution). 4. Upper case letters are traditionally used to denote dominant traits, lower case letters for recessives. Mendel reasoned that factors must segregate from each other during gamete formation (remember, meiosis was not yet known!) to retain the number of traits at 2. The Principle of Segregation proposes the separation of paired factors during gamete formation, with each gamete receiving one or the other factor, usually not both. Organisms carry two alleles for every trait. These traits separate during the formation of gametes....
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