Temperate Forests

Temperate Forests - Sufficient sunlight penetrates the...

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Temperate Forests The temperate forest biome occurs south of the taiga in eastern North America, eastern Asia, and much of Europe. Rainfall is abundant (30-80 inches/year; 75-150 cm) and there is a well-defined growing season of between 140 and 300 days. The eastern United States and Canada are covered (or rather were once covered) by this biome's natural vegetation, the eastern deciduous forest. Dominant plants include beech, maple, oak; and other deciduous hardwood trees. Trees of a deciduous forest have broad leaves, which they lose in the fall and grow again in the spring. A scenic view of this type of biome is shown in Figure 3.
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Unformatted text preview: Sufficient sunlight penetrates the canopy to support a well-developed understory composed of shrubs, a layer of herbaceous plants, and then often a ground cover of mosses and ferns. This stratification beneath the canopy provides a numerous habitats for a variety of insects and birds. The deciduous forest also contains many members of the rodent family, which serve as a food source for bobcats, wolves, and foxes. This area also is a home for deer and black bears. Winters are not as cold as in the taiga, so many amphibian and reptiles are able to survive....
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