The Endangered Species Act

The Endangered Species Act - programs are costly and the...

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The Endangered Species Act Nearly 4000 species in the U.S. are in danger of extinction by the year 2000. The Endangered Species Act of 1973 directs governmental agencies to maintain a list of threatened or endangered species. The Act has been controversial and was recently challenged by the Republican's Contract with America. The spotted owl became a major issue in the 1992 Presidential election. Most species on the list are closer to extinction now than when they were put on the list. Captive Breeding One last resort is to establish breeding programs in captivity. Many species do not do well in such programs, so alternatives like gene banks must be tried. Breeding
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Unformatted text preview: programs are costly and the young from such programs cannot be released into the wild, even if their habitat still remains. Reduction of the Socioeconomic Causes of Extinction Basic social and economic issues that drive explosive population growth and increased exploitation of natural areas must be addressed. Estimate predict a doubling of the 5.4 billion human population by 2050, most of that growth is expected in developing countries. Slowing such growth will take decades at best. Removing economic incentives that cause many species extinctions is a more immediate measure....
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