The Human Respiratory System

The Human Respiratory System - . Alveoli are surrounded by...

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The Human Respiratory System This system includes the lungs, pathways connecting them to the outside environment, and structures in the chest involved with moving air in and out of the lungs. Air enters the body through the nose, is warmed, filtered, and passed through the nasal cavity. Air passes the pharynx (which has the epiglottis that prevents food from entering the trachea).The upper part of the trachea contains the larynx . The vocal cords are two bands of tissue that extend across the opening of the larynx. After passing the larynx, the air moves into the bronchi that carry air in and out of the lungs.
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Bronchi are reinforced to prevent their collapse and are lined with ciliated epithelium and mucus-producing cells. Bronchi branch into smaller and smaller tubes known
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as bronchioles . Bronchioles terminate in grape-like sac clusters known as alveoli
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Unformatted text preview: . Alveoli are surrounded by a network of thin-walled capillaries . Only about 0.2 m separate the alveoli from the capillaries due to the extremely thin walls of both structures. The lungs are large, lobed, paired organs in the chest (also known as the thoracic cavity ). Thin sheets of epithelium (pleura ) separate the inside of the chest cavity from the outer surface of the lungs. The bottom of the thoracic cavity is formed by thediaphragm . Ventilation is the mechanics of breathing in and out. When you inhale, muscles in the chest wall contract, lifting the ribs and pulling them, outward. The diaphragm at this time moves downward enlarging the chest cavity. Reduced air pressure in the lungs causes air to enter the lungs. Exhaling reverses theses steps....
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course BIO BSC1010 taught by Professor Gwenhauner during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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The Human Respiratory System - . Alveoli are surrounded by...

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