The Neandertals - more sophisticated than H. erectus '...

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The Neandertals Archaic H. sapiens lived from 500,000 to 30,000 years ago and combined features of H. sapiens with those of H. erectus . The Neandertals, considered in this group, lived in Europe and western Asia between 100,000 and 30,000 years ago before their disappearance. Neandertals were larger-brained than modern humans, had a sloping forehead, prominent brow ridges and a receding chin. They had a very prominent nose and ranged in height from 5 foot 2 inches (average female) to 5 foot 6 inches (average male). Despite their image as brutish simpletons, Neandertals were the first humans to bury their dead with artifacts, indicating abstract thought, perhaps a belief in an after- life. They lived in free-standing settlements, as well as caves. Neandertal tools were
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Unformatted text preview: more sophisticated than H. erectus ' tools, employing handles to gain extra leverage. Did Neandertals evolve gradually into modern humans, or were they replaced by modern forms originating from a single population? The answer to that depends on the answer to the question of the origin of H. sapiens from H. erectus . The out-of-Africa hypothesis suggests Neandertals were a separate species ( H. neandertalensis ) replaced as modern humans ( H. sapiens ) spread from Africa. The regional continuity hypothesis suggests Neandertals were a subspecies ( H. sapiens neandertalensis ) that evolved into modern humans ( H. sapiens sapiens )....
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