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Unformatted text preview: hormones in three classes: mineralocorticoids , glucocorticoids , and sex hormones. Mineralocorticoids maintain electrolyte balance. Glucocorticoids produce a long-term, slow response to stress by raising blood glucose levels through the breakdown of fats and proteins; they also suppress the immune response and inhibit the inflammatory response . The Thyroid Gland The thyroid gland is located in the neck. Follicles in the thyroid secrete thyroglobulin, a storage form of thyroid hormone. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) from the anterior pituitary causes conversion of thyroglobulin into thyroid hormones T4 and T3. Almost all body cells are targets of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormone increases the overall metabolic rate, regulates growth and development as well as the onset of sexual maturity.Calcitonin is also secreted by large cells in the thyroid; it plays a role in regulation of calcium....
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- Fall '10