10.28 HS Notes

10.28 HS Notes - Medieval Political Institutions This...

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Medieval Political Institutions - This period = birth of the nation state (a cultural / ethnic entity) - 2 THEMES: o Development of the territory integrity of nation states (or the failure to develop) Strong institutions of central government to manage these states Centralization was an accident; arriving Borders changed constantly - France: Starts out with many little kingdoms that end up being governed by 1 family o Origins of France lie with Carolingian Empire (West Frankish Kingdom) o Highly fragmented territory; very diverse people o At beginning of 10 th century, many principalities with many complicated vassal systems o Starting in 987, Capetian Dynasty centralizes his authority in France Elect Hugh Cappot to be King (987-996); could only hold throne as long as people supported him b/c elected, but he changed that Institutes the process of him crowning his successor (Robert II) Capetians were very skilled rulers Robert famous for having the royal touch; touch people with ailments and heal them Good at forging a French Identity among all these kingdoms Produce their own Saint (king Louis IX) o Most powerful Capetian ruler was Philip II of Augustus (1180-1223) – decisively adds land to the French crown Albangenzium crusade in South east France – conquered/claimed land for his crown rather than giving it to other vassals French nobles wanted to be the most powerful in the Kingdom o Angevin Empire ** - “ he Angevin Empire was a state first established by Henry II of England. Under Henry's rule, the kingdom consisted of English, Anjou, and Normandy. His son Richard fought the king of France, Phillip II, and established the Angevin Empire as one kingdom free of paying homage to the French crown.” - England : small place made up of a homogenous group of people; made development easier o 865 – The great army attack England, Dane army that conquers much of the North and forms a territory called Danelaw , headquartered in the city of York Alfred the Great – English leader rallies to England’s defense; king of Wessex (dies in 899) – consolidates English Kingdom Kingdom divided into Shires / like county territories; governed by shire reeves o Developed concept of the Fyrd – concept of militia – owed allegiance to English king and could be called to serve in military Danegeld – collected; was a tax to pay off Vikings and pay for defense against the Vikings; everntually becomes a permanent tax
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course HS 203 taught by Professor Worms during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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10.28 HS Notes - Medieval Political Institutions This...

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