11.1 HS Notes

11.1 HS Notes - High Middle Ages 900-1300 3 major...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
High Middle Ages – 900-1300 - 3 major developments in this time period: o Population more than doubled Driven by 3 trends: Advances in agricultural technology Good climate Better food supply (diets more abundant and nutritious) (from 5 things) o Climate became warmer o Warmer climate helped prevent bad harvests (less epidemics of illnesses) o Horse becomes predominant animal used on farms/transporting items Switched from using oxen to hroses , made possible by developing a horse collar to fit around the horse so it could pull things like the heavy plow without choking it to death Went from 2 wheel ox carts to 4 wheel horse-pulled carriages to get around and go to town o Heavy Plow – Around 1000-1050, developed a plow that could cut through the heavy soil and make fields better tilled and more productive; also figured out how to pull them on wheels more effectively; pulled by horses o More land was employed o 1 acre of farm land could produce 3 to 4 times the number of crops as before Three field system – land divided into threes – previously was divided into twos (one left fallow and crops cultivated on the other) 1 for spring/summer crops, 1 for winter, and 1 lay fallow; would rotate over and over (allows them to use 67% of land instead of just 50%) o Eruope goes from being a exclusively rural society to one where cities become important again o Cultural: Old Roman World in the West becomes very distinct from the one in the East - Midieval society also divided into threes – called the Tripartite social order o Laboratores – those who labored/works - Peasants 90% of the population – only refers to agricultural workers; doesn’t refer to people in cities Work on farms Most peasants were Serfs – persons who were bound to the soil (bound by obligation to the land where you lived) – not really slaves…but Latin word for slave was the same as for serf – they weren’t owned but didn’t own anything themselves Slowly become more prevalent in Eastern Europe Most peasants live in villages, and these villages are referred to as Manor – bipartite estate of land, owned by a powerful lord Manor was the land on which all the peasants lived Demesne – 25-40% of land on manor that belonged to the lord o Money from working the land goes to the Lord and his household o Peasants did this for protection Lord could be a monetary or a bishop At the center of every manor was the manor house - castle
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 4

11.1 HS Notes - High Middle Ages 900-1300 3 major...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online