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11.4 HS Notes

11.4 HS Notes - Monks Friars and Heretics Religious Culture...

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Monks, Friars, and Heretics: Religious Culture of the High Middle Ages - Those who pray = ordained clergy & the vow or feligious o At first, among those who pray, monks and nuns get priority – entering a monetary was considered the ideal way to be a Christian o People want to found new Bendictine Monestaries; monestaries become wealthy By 900’s, a lot of discontent; monasticism is seen as very vulnerable to corruption In 910, Duke William of Aciltain gives the money and land to found a new monestary, the Abbot of Cluny Unique – free of outside influence (from nobles and outside church)– Free of local Bishop’s control; they would only take your $ if you agreed not to have any say over how the monastery was run Donated the monastery to the pope’s authority Cluny Becomes model – so organized & cut off from outside world People at Cluny didn’t perform manual labor; prayed virtually around the clock Incredibly centralized; with cluny, only 1 abbot over the entire order o Monestaries become founded by people wanting to emulate Cluny These other monestaries are run by friors under Cluny o Becomess so popular there become 1,500 monestaries under the authority of the abbot of Cluny Cluny famous for 4 things o Comes directly under Papal authority o Famous for the power and preside of its abbot o Cluny gives idea of Church being free of outside, secular influence o Free from local church control 3 rd abbot of Cluny built in 1088 – biggest Church in Western Chritianity until St. Peters was built Cluny becomes famous because its so powerful and so weathly, no because of famous people who were Cluniacs o By the late 11 th century, Cluny criticized for being too wealthy and too secularized This reform was pushed by the Cistercians and Carthusians Carthusians - 1084 by St. Bruno – With Arabic traditions of desert Cistercians – absolute refusal to become entangled in the secular world; take things further than Cluny – 1098 in France Like Cluny, only 1 Cistercians abbot Didn’t accept children to enter Monks did work; churches very plain and austere b/c of refusal to accept donations Produces famous theologians o Most famous leader was St. Bernard of Clairveaux (1100) – Dominates religious life in
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