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1 EXAM 01 STUDY GUIDE SOC 367: Religion in America; Spring 2011 SOC367: Religion in America Exam 01 : Study Guide; Spring 2011 January 11, 2011 – February 10, 2011 Professor Dan Olson WEEK 01: January 11/13 2011 Introduction: Religious America: Diversity and Freedom 1. In chapter 1 Hemeyer describes five responses to religious diversity . Understand the meaning of and the differences between each of these five types of responses according to Hemeyer. A quiz question might describe a position and ask you to identify the correct term for the position. - Exclusivism: religion deals with the ultimate truth and that there can be only one true or correct religion and the rest are completely wrong. Example : without Christ and the biblical gospel, sinful humanity is without salvation… any gospel without the Christ of the bible cannot be the saving gospel, and leaves sinners estranged from God. - Relativism: two different forms that share the premise that all perspectives are limited even those that claim to absolute truth. The first believe that because religion claim absolute truth and absolute truth cannot be known, no religion is worthy of one’s commitment. - Causes secularism/irreligiousness. The second believes that in the absence of knowledge absolute truth, it is up to the individual to practice a religion that feels right for them. - Inclusivism : there is one true religion that fulfills religious truth and human salvation but also believe that there is some truth in other religions. Example: most Muslims believe that the revelation of God to the Jews and Christians was true and brought salvation to its followers, but that God had been distorted during Muhammad’s time God’s revelation to Muhammad is believed to confirm the truth of earlier revelations while eliminating the distortions. - Synthesis : religions are essentially the same beneath a veneer of cultural particularity. Synthesis downplays the differences among religions in favor of the similarities among them, giving the notion that all religions should come together in unity. - Example : Hindu theologian and former president of India Sarvepalli Radhalorishanan believe in the Sanatana Dharma (the eternal religion; religions evolve from each other and are one – the various manifestations of religion will converge on “the one spirit which takes us beyond the historical formulation”. - Affirmation of Religious Diversity : different religions will never share beliefs or converge together as one, but each belief is in its own way true and should be respected as such requiring the individual to be open minded and committed. Example : Harold Coward believes that affirmation requires knowledge of other religions.
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2 EXAM 01 STUDY GUIDE SOC 367: Religion in America; Spring 2011 2. What does Hemeyer mean by tolerance (page 2)? Can a person take an exclusivist view towards religious diversity and yet practice religious tolerance? -
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