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1 EXAM 02 STUDY GUIDE SOC 367: Religion in America; Spring 2011 SOC 367: Religion in America Exam 02 : Study Guide; Spring 2011 February 22, 2011 – March 24, 2011 Professor Dan Olson WEEK 07: February 22/24 2011 Social Class and Religious Involvement : Keith Roberts, pgs. 214-218; 220-239 1. Denominations differ in the average income and education of their members. This is not to say that there are not doctors or lawyers in the denominations with the lowest averages and that there are not poor and uneducated people in the denominations with highest averages, but on average, some denominations have members with lower social class backgrounds than others. On pages 214-216 Roberts discusses some of the possible reasons for this relationship. What are these reasons? - Reasons why denomination affiliation affects social class: The belief system of the denomination and the relationship of the theology to the secular order: - Some theological orientations endorse the present social order as ordained by God while others insist that religion has nothing to do social order. Since religion involves personal motives and intensions. Some religious groups define affluence as the root of evil and glorify the life of poverty and self-denial. - Attacks on social order cause people in upper and middle class to feel uncomfortable because radicals want the socioeconomic reconstruction of the class system. In these situations people choose a religious group that is within their socioeconomic status. People associate with others like themselves. When people move to a new area they tend to go to the same church as their work colleagues. - Examples : a highly educated person would feel uncomfortable in a church, which has a pastor using bad grammar, whereas a person of low income would feel alienated in a church where the minister uses a scholarly sermon and logical arguments. 2. The data in table 9.1 on page 215 are now more than 15 years old, but the general patterns haven’t changed a great deal since then. Based on that table what are some religious groups whose members tend to have the highest incomes and education? What groups have the lowest average income and education levels? - Group High Income/Education | Median Annual Income| % Graduates Jews | $36, 000 | 46.7 Unitarian | $34, 000 | 49.5 Agnostic | $33, 300 | 36.3 Episcopalian |$33, 000 | 39.2 Eastern orthodox | $31, 500 | 31.6
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2 EXAM 02 STUDY GUIDE SOC 367: Religion in America; Spring 2011 Congregationalist | $30, 400 | 33.7 - Groups with Low Income/Education | Median Annual Income | % Graduates Jehovah’s Witnesses | $20, 900 | 4.7 “Christian” | $20, 700 | 16.0 Baptist | $20, 600 | 10.4 Pentecostal | $19, 400 | 6.9 Brethren | $18, 500 | 11.4 Holiness | $13, 700 | 5.0 3. Compare the denominations in table 9.1 on page 215 with figure 10.1 on pages 227 and 228 showing the average positions of denomination with regard to the “new morality scale” (denominations plotted further to the left hold more restricted views towards legal abortions, less permissive attitudes towards non-marital sexual relationships and
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