AP World Review-pg38

AP World Review-pg38 - AP World Review 5 characteristics $...

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AP World Review 5 characteristics $ Religion Govt. and legal System Writing / communication Specialization / Heirachy Neolithic Revolution – 8000 BCE Farming Population pressure Better Tool Use Elaborate Social Organization Large Game died off S – Support More People o More People to settle o Specialization - Status o More Work o Unpredictable; dependent o Limits Freedom o Nomadic o Less work than S Women Civilized – Inferior, Men make rules, had some defined roles, little power Mesopotamia Writing Formal Codes of Law City Planning Institutions for Trade $ Sumerians (3500 – 2400) BCE Tightly Organized City-States, Cuneiform, astrology King – Divine authority Ziggurats and well developed Religion nature based… complex religious rituals; polytheistic, fertility Akkadians (2400- 2000 BE) Sargon I united city-states Babylonians (1500-1000 BCE) Hammurabi Law Code – First written down law codes Assyrians (1000-600 BCE) Epic of Gilgamesh Egypt - Nile
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Narmer I – first Pharaoh – 3100 BCE – Unites the two kingdoms Pharaohs – god-like w/ power; Animism; Pantheon of gods Mummification, Book of the Dead 1050 BCE – end of dynastic empire Phoenicians (1300 BCE) Simple 22 letter alphabet and improved Egyptian Numbering system Predecessor to Greek and Latin alphabets Colonies in North Africa and coasts of Europe Lydians – First Coined $ Indo-Europeans Aryans – “Pure” “Noble” Aryans – Religious and Political ideas w/ Indian cities Caste System o Brahmins – Priest o Ksatriyas – Warriors o Vaishyas – Merchants / Landowners o Shudras – Peasants / Artisans o Dasas - Untouchables Emphasized fire, war, rain; had own male deities Spoke Sanskrit then become language of Hindu Vedas – Knowledge, vision, Wisdom Tigris – Euphrates River Valley – Mesopotamia 1 st example of human civilization Farming Complex political structures Shamanism, Animism, Priesthood, and ziggurats, Religion = Nature based Peace and civilization continued until invasions of Hunt&Herd groups and Indo- Europeans India – Indus River (2500 BCE) Trade Contacts w/ Meso. Fertility based religion – Well-Organized and elite group of priests Disasters + IndoEuros = Destruction Aryans – Religious and Political ideas w/ Indian cities Caste System o Brahmins – Priest – sense of authority o Ksatriyas – Warriors o Vaishyas – Merchants / Landowners o Sudras – Peasants / Artisans o Dasas – Untouchables (not worthy of human status, don’t get caste category) Emphasized fire, war, rain; had own male deities Spoke Sanskrit then become language of Hindu Regional; political culture not elaborate
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course HIST 007 taught by Professor Astarita during the Fall '10 term at Georgetown.

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AP World Review-pg38 - AP World Review 5 characteristics $...

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