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AP World Review-pg38

AP World Review-pg38 - AP World Review 5 characteristics $...

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AP World Review 5 characteristics $ Religion Govt. and legal System Writing / communication Specialization / Heirachy Neolithic Revolution – 8000 BCE Farming Population pressure Better Tool Use Elaborate Social Organization Large Game died off Sedentary vs. H&G S – Support More People o More People to settle o Specialization - Status o More Work o Unpredictable; dependent o Limits Freedom H&G – 40-50 people per group o Nomadic o Less work than S Women Civilized – Inferior, Men make rules, had some defined roles, little power H&G – Children, Spirituality, not all hunted even though some did Mesopotamia Writing Formal Codes of Law City Planning Institutions for Trade $ Sumerians (3500 – 2400) BCE Tightly Organized City-States, Cuneiform, astrology King – Divine authority Ziggurats and well developed Religion nature based… complex religious rituals; polytheistic, fertility Akkadians (2400- 2000 BE) Sargon I united city-states Babylonians (1500-1000 BCE) Hammurabi Law Code – First written down law codes Assyrians (1000-600 BCE) Epic of Gilgamesh Egypt - Nile
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Narmer I – first Pharaoh – 3100 BCE – Unites the two kingdoms Pharaohs – god-like w/ power; Animism; Pantheon of gods Mummification, Book of the Dead 1050 BCE – end of dynastic empire Steady decline & external invasions Phoenicians (1300 BCE) Simple 22 letter alphabet and improved Egyptian Numbering system Predecessor to Greek and Latin alphabets Colonies in North Africa and coasts of Europe Lydians – First Coined $ Indo-Europeans Aryans – “Pure” “Noble” Aryans – Religious and Political ideas w/ Indian cities Caste System o Brahmins – Priest o Ksatriyas – Warriors o Vaishyas – Merchants / Landowners o Shudras – Peasants / Artisans o Dasas - Untouchables Emphasized fire, war, rain; had own male deities Spoke Sanskrit then become language of Hindu Vedas – Knowledge, vision, Wisdom Tigris – Euphrates River Valley – Mesopotamia 1 st example of human civilization Farming Complex political structures Shamanism, Animism, Priesthood, and ziggurats, Religion = Nature based Peace and civilization continued until invasions of Hunt&Herd groups and Indo- Europeans India – Indus River (2500 BCE) Harappa & Mohenjo Daro Trade Contacts w/ Meso. Fertility based religion – Well-Organized and elite group of priests Disasters + IndoEuros = Destruction Aryans – Religious and Political ideas w/ Indian cities Caste System o Brahmins – Priest – sense of authority o Ksatriyas – Warriors o Vaishyas – Merchants / Landowners o Sudras – Peasants / Artisans o Dasas – Untouchables (not worthy of human status, don’t get caste category) Emphasized fire, war, rain; had own male deities Spoke Sanskrit then become language of Hindu Regional; political culture not elaborate
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Diversity China – Huanghe or Yellow River
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