9:27:10 Notes - International Security Notes 27 September...

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International Security Notes 27 September 2010 The Security Dilemma & the Offensive/Defensive Balance Why is it a ‘dilemma’ accounts for security competition and war in a world of status quo states (defensive realism) war (and other bad international outcomes) are, in some sense, accidental that is, war (and other bad international outcomes) happen even though nobody wants them to happen “Although Germany’s arrogant and erratic behavior, couples with the desire for an unreasonably high level of security (which amounted to the desire to escape her geographic plight), compounded the problem” (Jervis 183) The Stag Hunt cooperation + cooperation = 3,3 defect + defect = 0,0 Theoretical problems Prisoner’s dilemma over-predicts competition/war why would states ever play cooperate? Stag Hunt over-predicts cooperation/peace why would states ever play defect? Solution 1: states are uncertain which game they are playing (uncertainty) Solution 2: sometimes states are playing PD, sometimes they are playing SH (i.e.
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