9:29:10 Notes

9:29:10 Notes - International Security Notes 29 September...

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International Security Notes 29 September 2010 Offense/Defense Theory (variables) Variable 1: degree of distinguishability of offensive and defensive behavior Variable 2: the balance — “. ..some measure of the relative ease of attacking and taking territory versus defending territory” (Lieber 2000) Variable 3: the perception of the offense—defense balance Offense/Defense Theory (Consequences) When offense is relatively dominant, states are more aggressive (Van Evera) conquest is easier self-defense is more difFcult expansion provokes a more violent response Frst-strike/surprise advantages are large “windows of opportunity” are large ±ait accompli tactics are common states negotiate less readily secrecy is more pronounced arms races are faster and harder to control self-reinforcement of offense—dominance Levels of Analysis State level: ex. Germany, Israel, United States
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9:29:10 Notes - International Security Notes 29 September...

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