1-26-11 - • Recall causes of WWI 3 types of war – which...

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Unformatted text preview: 1/26/11 • Recall, causes of WWI: 3 types of war – which the Germans were aiming at? • 1 theory: Germans wanted 1. Localized war of A-H and Serbia, but things got out of control o German leaders don’t understand that Serbia brings in Russia brings in France o “tragedy of miscalculation” of politicians • 3 types of ways of explaining WWI that point to states: o Domestic politics of Germany (eastern agricultural grain producers compete with Russia, western industrialists compete with UK) Theory that the military led to WWI • Another theory: German states captured by the ideology of the “cult of the offensive” of the military o Military has a bias toward the offensive o It’s the military’s fault that shouldn’t have developed these plans which are hard to prevent from engaging into world war once they’re activated • July 31 st : Russia mobilizes for war. Should NOT have done so • France put immense pressure on Russia to mobilize o French success on defending themselves depends on two-front war for Germany • Wavering of the British to the last minute (if they’d stepped in earlier, Germany would’ve realized they wouldn’t win) Last theory: pre-WWI BOP led to WWI • Germans wanted war of aggression (war option 2 and willing to live with 3) b/c they were rising in power • Thought they must fight a war b/c the Russians are growing faster o If Russians, industrializing, arrives faster to the frontlines, Germany is finished o You can never count on dealing Russia a quick blow b/c they have endless territory upon which they can withdraw and suck you in. Thus you must defeat France first o create Imbalance of power on the French front • BOP creates this propensity of offense. For France and Russia, they must engage Germany simultaneously. For Germany, it must finish one off before the other. • These were the plans the BOP required the states to have (blame on politicians’ miscalculations and military are wrong) • Must provide support for allies o If France allies with Poles, Russians are out… so Germans can take France out before they go east o Problem in WWII is out b/c there’s a buffer (here Poland doesn’t exist) • Russia needs offensive capabilities against A-H to prevent Austrians from dealing with the Serbs (Russian allies). Serbs are b/w the central powers (Germany and A-H) and make Russia landlocked. If the Serbs fall, the central powers will block Russian access to the Mediterranean....
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1-26-11 - • Recall causes of WWI 3 types of war – which...

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