Hist Essay #1 - Juan Torres Mr Mario Bennekin HIST-2112-204...

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Juan Torres Sept 09, 2009 Mr. Mario Bennekin HIST-2112-204 When the United States independence was recognized by the treaty of Paris in 1783, the new country started experiencing the necessity of having more land. Consequently, the United States started its expansion to the west. The growth of the United States started with the purchase of the Louisiana territories. It was purchased from France in 1803. The new country doubled its size, giving more than “2 million sq km (800,000 sq mi) of land extending from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains” (Barry, James P.). Continuing with the “expansionist spirit”, the United States purchased 59,268 square miles (Westward Expansion) to the Spanish government in 1819, adding the state of Florida to the new country. After Louisiana was purchased, President Thomas Jefferson sent some expeditionary to explore the Oregon Country, where the British were exploring too. In 1846, Both nations, drew a border line on the parallel 49 th giving all the territories on the south to the United States adding the present territories of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and the western part of Wyoming. The United States continued its expansion with the addition of Texas in 1845, which add “376,133 square miles to the United States territory” (Westward Expansion). Also, the American-Mexican war in 1846, added “545,783 square miles, including the present States of California, Nevada, and Utah, and a large part of Arizona and New Mexico, and part of Colorado” (Westward Expansion). Finally, in 1853, the United States bought from Mexico, through the Gadsen Purchase, “45,535 square miles in ex-tent” (Westward Expansion). By 1850, the “new west” had a mixture of cultures, all of them very different from each other. Indeed, in the new western territories of the United States, more than 70 different tribes were found (Arbeloa, Jordi). In the Great Plains, were the conflict was going to be tougher, important groups such as the Cheyenne, the Sioux, Nakota, Lakota, Dhegiha, Chiwere, and many more were located. Within these groups, different ideas, believes, and habits were exhibit. In California, were the gold was bringing the “civilized withes” to the “Wild West”, there were groups like the Hupa, Miwok, Yokut, Pomo, or the Yorok. Some of these groups were influenced by the Aztecs and the Spaniard and Mexican culture. The Oregon Country had important groups like the Kutenai, Spokans, Nez Percés, or the Flatheads. Taking this into consideration, it can be said that Native Americans’ cultures were totally different from each other. For example, the Great Plains tribes were very aggressive while the Oregon country tribes were very appeased.
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Because each culture was different from each other, some of the Indian groups accepted the white man incursion to their lands. On the other hand, there were some other groups like the Sioux, the Ogalas, or the Cheyennes that did not accepted the immersion on their sacred lands. Therefore, in 1829, President Andrew Jackson proposed “an area west of the Mississippi River to
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Hist Essay #1 - Juan Torres Mr Mario Bennekin HIST-2112-204...

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