EDHD 320 Health and Physical Development Fall 2011 (1)

EDHD 320 Health and Physical Development Fall 2011 (1) -...

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EDHD 320:Health and Physical Development Findings from the Healthy People 2010 (2000), Healthy People 2020 (2010) both USDHHS, Washington,DC: US Gov. Printing Office and Sigelman & Rider (2012) Fall, 2011
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1) Physical Activity Sigelman & Rider (2012) & USDHHS (2020): Important benefits of physical activity: Impact: increases muscle and bone strength and lean muscle mass reduces fat, aides weight control improves mental health by reducing depression and anxiety reduces risk for osteoporosis in women, increases reserve capacity Improves cardio-vascular functioning Decreases reaction times For children, increases self esteem and academic achievement
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What do we know about physical activity in the U.S.? Adolescents who engage in 20 minutes of vigorous physical activity, for 3 days or more: 1999 = 65%, up slightly from 1990 = 62%(Healthy People 2010); More recently , 18.4% of adolescents engaged in aerobic physical activity for 60 min./day on 7 of past 7 days, in 2009 (Healthy People 2020) Target for 2020: 20.2% Adults (18+ years ) who engage in 30 minutes of moderate activity for 5 or more days per week: 1997 = 15%, down from 22% in 1990; 40% of adults engaged in no leisure time physical activity in 1997 (Healthy People 2010). Adults sedentary. More recently , 43.5% of adults engaged in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for 150 minutes a week in 2009 (Healthy People, 2020) Target for 2020: 47.9% Demographics of physical activity: W<M; LSES < MSES; African Americans & Latinos<Whites Simple Recommendation: USDHHS, 10,000 steps per day
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2) Overweight and Obesity Body Mass Index = [wt. in lbs/(height in inches) (height in inches)] X 703: Used to estimate overweight and obesity.
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EDHD 320 Health and Physical Development Fall 2011 (1) -...

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