Environment and Society Class notes

Environment and Society Class notes - Environment and...

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Environment and Society Class notes Days Missed: 1 Grades Total Points (10/400) Quiz 1: 10/10 Quiz 4: Midterm: Quiz 2: Quiz 5: Short Paper 1: Quiz 3: Short Paper 2: Final Exam: Position Letter: 1/16/08 What is sociology? - the systematic study of human social behavior interaction and organization - “society” : a group of people who share a common culture or a number of attributes of it and think of themselves as a group and that occupy a certain “place” - this study occurs through the use of theory and research methodology Why does sociology matter? - helps us explain our lives and social phenomena in a way different from “common sense” - helps us avoid strictly “individualistic” explanations of behavior o social roles are embodied in people - clarifies the rules by which we live our life- social life is not “chaos”, but is organized and systematic - it informs policy decisions Sociological Imagination - coined by C. Wright Mills - describes the ability for us to comprehend our personal experiences as linked to social context - What does it help us do? o Place our personal biographies in historical context o Cross levels (individual behavior is linked to macro influences) Shopping
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o Cross Contexts Sociology explains - how our actions influence and are influenced by the groups within which we interact o friendships, families, status groups, teams, states, “nations”, and ethnicities o often occurs within institutions (sets of rules based on relatively stable values) Comte and early Sociology -attempted to justify it as its own science through emulating ‘hard’ science by use of the scientific method -problems known can be fixed (social engineering) Quantitative -generally explanatory or predictive Qualitative -generally descriptive, seeks to understand meaning Science and Social Scientific Concerns - Testing of theory with evidence, using scientific method…formulating a research problems Concerns -Operationalizing (way you measure something) -Generalizing and representativeness: quantitative vs qualitative -Validity -Causality - Bias Sociological Paradigms and theorists Functionalist- (Spencer, Durkheim) - what role do particular institutions play in perpetuation the social body? - What purpose does marriage serve? - What purpose does commuting serve? Conflict- (Marx)
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-what is the basic idea here? -people competing for money, prestige, class etc… -What is ‘critical’ theory? - Who benefits and Why? 1/18/08 Interactionst- (Mead, Blumer, Goffman) - the “generalized other” and the regulation of behavior - internal set of rules/ guidelines within ones self Postmodern/ post-structural- (Foucault, Baudrillard, haraway) - are modern/ traditional ways of thinking still valid? Our world has fundamentally changed -The Myths of Liberation and Truth - What rules should we live by now? Is our world really knowable? Broad Implcations
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Environment and Society Class notes - Environment and...

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