1.Intro - Cogni&ve Science 1 Introduc&on Ben...

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Unformatted text preview: Cogni&ve Science 1 Introduc&on Ben Bergen 9.23.10 Who we are •  Instructor Ben Bergen, [email protected] •  Teaching Assistants Jeremy Karnowski, [email protected] Andrew Schork, [email protected] Elkin Gu&errez, e4gu&[email protected] Julie Shvarts, [email protected] Ghoncheh Ayazi, [email protected] Who you are •  •  •  •  •  •  Year? Taken a COGS class before? Major? Language? Handedness? What’s next? How is this Different from this? This •  Perceives the world through its various senses: vision, hearing, touch, smell, taste •  Has internal states that are affected by percep&on, including emo&onal states, states of knowledge, etc. •  Performs computa&ons to explain things that have happened, to predict what will happen next, to recall things that have happened previously, and to prepare to act •  Can act on the world using its motor system •  Interacts with other things like this through language •  Tries to read other things’ inten&ons, mental states, and emo&ons •  Knows that it can do all this stuff •  Knows that it knows that it can do all this stuff •  Etc. This •  Not so much Cogni&ve Science •  is the scien&fic study of how humans and other animals do all that stuff •  That is, it’s the study of cogni&on Linguis&cs Educa&on Ar&ficial Intelligence Psychology Cogni&on Neuroscience Anthropology Philosophy Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  The core ques&on: How does the mind work? Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  The mind takes input (through percep&on) and produces output (through ac&on). And in ­ between, it performs a lot of complicated calcula&ons. •  So do computers. So, is the mind like a computer? –  Does it perform computa&ons? –  Of what sort? –  What’s the hardware, and what’s the soaware? –  What language is the soaware wriben in? –  Is it just any type of computer, or does the character of the brain maber to how the mind works? Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  How are human minds different from those of other animals? What’s unique about human cogni&on? •  And what aspects of cogni&on do we share with other animals? •  How did human cogni&on get to be the way it is (through evolu&on)? Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  Are the various cogni&ve systems independent? Do they overlap? Do they interact? –  E.g., does language affect percep&on? –  Does emo&on affect planning? Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  Where does cogni&on stop? –  E.g, if you use your hands to solve a problem, are your hands part of the hardware that supports cogni&on? –  What if you use a calendar? Or a book? Or the internet? Some ques&ons in cogni&ve science •  How is cogni&on different in different environments? How does cogni&on interact with the environment? –  E.g. are people able to perceive the world beber or worse then they’re also talking on a cell phone? –  Or when they hear someone else talking on a cell phone? This class •  A "sampler" course. –  Lectures are given by different faculty members. –  You’ll find out what cogni&ve scien&sts have learned about cogni&on and how they have put that knowledge to use. –  There will be lectures on such topics as the rela&on between mind and brain, neural networks, cogni&ve development, neuroimaging, vision, cultural evolu&on, emo&on, memory, animal intelligence, language, and meaning. Grading Schedule (provisional) Expecta&ons •  Abend all lectures and discussion sec&ons (promptly), and do all readings. •  Conduct yourself according to the UCSD regula&ons on academic honesty: hbp://senate.ucsd.edu/manual/appendices/ app2.htm •  Be an ac&ve learner: ask ques&ons, par&cipate in discussions, delve into things you’re interested in Sugges&ons •  What are the BIG QUESTIONS in this field of research? •  What are the methods, and what are their strengths and weaknesses? •  How does this apply to human cogni&on in the wild? •  Am I interested enough in this to try to learn more? To go into this area of research myself? Enjoy the class. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course ECON 311 taught by Professor Zambrano during the Fall '08 term at Cal Poly.

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