4.Learning Language

4.Learning Language - Language (and other fun sounds) Prof....

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1 Language (and other fun sounds) Prof. Sarah Creel Cognitive Science LASR Lab Language ( as performed by a 3-year-old ) • Good narrative skills • New words for new concepts – Light-up sword, pokey-ball* • Phoneme errors – Erratic production of final L sound • “well” followed by “wew” – sh --> s ( s iny guy, space s ip) – th --> f (He tried to do it wi f out seeing, Dar f Vader) • Verb forms overregularized (“blowed up”) • Social phrases (Darf Vader, he’ll get ya!)
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2 Language development in childhood attention to sound structure in infancy word recognition and phonological encoding What’s going on in the Frst year innate auditory abilities govern categorization of speech then, infants start sorting out which sounds of a particular language are meaningfully different at the same time, infants begin building a vocabulary of words (mainly sound-forms only, no meanings) by 10-12 months, infants say their Frst words
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3 What ARE they thinking? What do kids say (sounds, words)? But what if they can’t talk? Have to ask what they pay attention to. What seems interesting ? What seems new ? What means something’s going to happen ? What did a spoken word refer to ? What ARE they thinking? H eadturn P reference P rocedure: What seems interesting ? Play sounds out of a speaker Some sounds of Type 1, some of Type 2 Does infant look at speaker longer (indicating more interest) for Type 1, or is there no difference?
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4 What ARE they thinking? H eadturn P reference P rocedure: What seems interesting ? 1. trial starts with green light 2. once baby’s ready, Fash one side light 3. when baby turns to light, start playing sounds from speaker 4. when baby turns away, stop sounds and start new trial dependent measure: listening time to a given kind of auditory material What ARE they thinking? Habituation: What seems new ? Version 1:
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2011 for the course ECON 311 taught by Professor Zambrano during the Fall '08 term at Cal Poly.

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4.Learning Language - Language (and other fun sounds) Prof....

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