debassay_paper - The Eurostar and The Channel Tunnel By...

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The Eurostar and The Channel Tunnel By Patrick Hereford Day 3
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1.0 Background Britain and France have been in need of an affordable means of transportation since the 1700s. Airlines, ferries, and automobiles dominated the market before 1994. Airlines are considered to expensive, while ferries and automobiles are considered cost efficient but require too much time. In 1984, the Eurostar began to help solve this problem. 1.1 The Eurostar The Eurostar, found in Europe, is the only high speed rail for that area. Its construction began in 1987 with the digging on the channel tunnel and ended in 1994. The Channel Tunnel was funded by a different group of financiers and cost them approximately $13 billion. The actual railway and trains cost about $31 million, not including operations or maintenance. This railway stretches from London to Paris and London to Brussels with stops in between. The railway is approximately 124 miles long, 31 of those miles being underground through the Channel Tunnel [1]. The Eurostar was built to provide an affordable means to get from place to place in a timely fashion. It was not meant to replace airlines or ferries, rather provide a different way to travel. It is cheaper than regular airline travel but arrives slower to its destination and more expensive than ferry travel but arrives quicker at its destination. You can also compare it to automobile transportation as well. It costs roughly $80 to drive from London to Paris. It is about $35 for gas and $45 for tolls. The Eurostar is not cheaper than that, but does arrive much faster than all automobiles. In 1994, operations for the Eurostar began. It traveled at a max speed of 186 miles per hour, but only traveled at 100 miles per hour through cities and through the Channel Tunnel. This reduction in speed was to reduce noise and to reduce the risk of damaging the tunnel. By 1995, the 1 millionth passenger rode on the Eurostar. By 1996, the Eurostar had their five millionth passenger and by 1997 they had their 10 millionth passenger ride on the Eurostar [3]. This shows an increase in interest towards traveling on the Eurostar. It also shows a significant increase in profit per year. If the trend were to continue, the Eurostar would be making a profit in as few as ten years. 1.2 The Chunnel The Channel Tunnel, also referred to as the Chunnel and Eurotunnel, was being developed as early as 1802 [2]. It was proposed for carriage travel from the Britain to France as is shown in the picture. In 1833, a famous geologist named Thom da Gamond, researched the geology of the seabed [2]. Then in 1870, companies on the French and British side arose for the Channel Tunnel.
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This note was uploaded on 11/29/2011 for the course CIVIL 1.00 taught by Professor Georgekocur during the Spring '05 term at MIT.

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debassay_paper - The Eurostar and The Channel Tunnel By...

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