Safe Drinking Water Act Notes

Safe Drinking Water Act Notes - Clean Water/ Safe Drinking...

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Clean Water/ Safe Drinking Water Act Incident spurring action: June 22, 1969 when an oil slick and assorted debris catch fire under a railroad trestle on the Cuyahoga River, which flows through Cleveland, Ohio and into Lake Erie. This fire becomes a symbol of “a planet in disrepair and an ever-deepening environmental crisis”. Become known as the “Burning River”. Federal Clean Water Act (CWA) (*prior to SDWA but they go hand in hand) Date enacted: 1972, 1977 Public Law Number: PL 92-500 Agency with jurisdiction: US EPA, But states are primarily responsible for enforcement Clean Water Act applies to a series of federal acts and amendments Applies to discharges into surface water Declaration of Goals and Policy Eliminate discharges Protect fish, wildlife, and human recreation Prohibit toxic substance discharges Adopt nationwide waste treatment processes Develop non-point control technologies Pollution Defined Under CWA ( made way for outlines of SDWA) Human induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological and radiological integrity of water by: Toxic substances, organic wastes Agricultural sediment Acids, nutrients, heat, oil, grease Bacteria and viruses Rock, sand, dirt and dredged or fill material Amount of dissolved oxygen pH Water temperature Amount of light infiltration Rate of and amount of water flow Amount of silt Nutrient load Biological bacteria or parasites Presence of oil or chemical constituents Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) Date enacted: 1974 Regulation: 4CFR 300(f)-(j)
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Agency with jurisdiction: EPA, But states are primarily responsible for enforcement Safe Drinking Water Act applies to drinking water regardless of the source Drinking Water Quality and Safety Focus on water to consumer Establishes drinking water standards CWA protects quality of water sources Federal Drinking Water Standards MCL – maximum contaminant level Maximum permissible level of contaminant delivered to consumer from
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Safe Drinking Water Act Notes - Clean Water/ Safe Drinking...

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