Unformatted text preview: longer. 2. New treatments may cure patients before a disease takes it course. 3. Abuse of euthanasia through pressure and coercion. Hooker thinks that these harms can be minimized through good policy. 1 & 2 can be minimized by requiring 2 nd and 3 rd opinions or approval by panels of experts. 3 is harder to handle. He says that in non-voluntary cases only people with nothing to gain from the patients death should make the decision, but it is hard to restrict who advises the patient. Non-Voluntary Two cases: 1. People such as infants who never form an opinion Here impartial experts should decide. 2. People who never express an opinion. Require living wills to avoid this. Overall Conclusion : Rule Utilitarian would allow voluntary and non-voluntary active and passive euthanasia. Flaw in discussion is that it ignores hospice option....
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- Fall '11