118 Rule Utilitarianism and Euthanasia

118 Rule Utilitarianism and Euthanasia - longer. 2. New...

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Rule Utilitarianism and Euthanasia Euthanasia : Killing or allowing a person to die out of “concern” for that person. Concern : For well being, for a persons choices. Rule Utilitarian approach : Find a rule (a law) that would have at least as good consequences as any other regarding euthanasia as defined above. Types of Euthanasia Active/passive Voluntary/non-voluntary/involuntary (see p. 66 for list) Strategy : consider benefits of legalizing the possible kinds of euthanasia. Consider harms. Weigh them up. Legalize where the benefits outweigh the harms. Benefits Speedy termination of physical and emotional suffering. Speedier with active euthanasia. Improved resource allocation. (Huge amounts spent on terminal patients last year of medical care.) Enhanced autonomy where voluntary euthanasia is in question. Harms Involuntary euthanasia : huge potential harms that rule it out. Voluntary and Non-Voluntary 1. Misdiagnosis can result in someone dying when they could be cured, or could live
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Unformatted text preview: longer. 2. New treatments may cure patients before a disease takes it course. 3. Abuse of euthanasia through pressure and coercion. Hooker thinks that these harms can be minimized through good policy. 1 & 2 can be minimized by requiring 2 nd and 3 rd opinions or approval by panels of experts. 3 is harder to handle. He says that in non-voluntary cases only people with nothing to gain from the patients death should make the decision, but it is hard to restrict who advises the patient. Non-Voluntary Two cases: 1. People such as infants who never form an opinion Here impartial experts should decide. 2. People who never express an opinion. Require living wills to avoid this. Overall Conclusion : Rule Utilitarian would allow voluntary and non-voluntary active and passive euthanasia. Flaw in discussion is that it ignores hospice option....
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course GEO 101 taught by Professor Andreabair during the Fall '11 term at Central Mich..

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