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100 Argument Basics

100 Argument Basics - Inductive Deductive Good inductive...

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Argument Basics Arguments are sets of statements assembled to prove something. Statements that get proved: conclusions Statements that do the proving: premises Question: what are statements? Are they the same thing as sentences or not? Finding an argument: look for the conclusion first, the figure out what the premises are Stating and argument: premises first, then conclusion Evaluating an argument: You are trying to figure out whether the conclusion is proved, not merely whether it is true. Two types of arguments:
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Unformatted text preview: Inductive Deductive Good inductive arguments don’t guarantee the truth of the conclusions, though they give you a good reason to believe the conclusion. Example: My office desk has always been next to my window. Tomorrow, my office desk will be next to my window. Good Deductive arguments: Guarantee the truth of the conclusion Bad arguments: their conclusions may or may not be true but all bad argument fail to prove or to give good reasons to believe their conclusions...
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