Famine Relief and the ideal Moral Code
Arthur’s Main Argument
1. There is duty to provide aid whenever others are in greater need and will suffer without
2. People who deserve or who have a right to their wealth are entitled to keep it.
3. For the most part, entitlements morally trumps the duty to aid others.
3. Therefore, for the most part, people are morally permitted to keep most of the wealth
that the have by right or by desert.
Two kinds: derived from rights, derived from what one deserves.
Example: Suppose I have kidney disease and need a healthy kidney to survive.
You have a healthy that is a match for mine. You don’t need two kidneys. Does that
mean you are morally required to give me your kidney? Arthur says no, because you have
a right to control your body, and I don’t have a right to control your body.
Negative rights: right to be free from others interference. (My right to my kidney is a
Positive rights: If you promised me your kidney, I would acquire a positive right to it.
Negative rights are basic or natural.