118 Beauchamp on Voluntary Active Euthanasia

118 Beauchamp on Voluntary Active Euthanasia - Beauchamp on...

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Beauchamp on Voluntary Active Euthanasia (VAE) and Assisted Suicide (AS) His conclusions : Individual acts of VAE and AS are not wrong. But it is wrong or unwise to legalize these. Passive vs. Active: A rejected argument 1. It’s permissible to let die. 2. It’s wrong to kill. 3. VAE and AS are killings. 4. So VAE and AS are wrong. Beauchamp rightly rejects 1 & 2 because some cases of letting die are wrong and some killings are not wrong. (But the argument oversimplifies the debate. Most everyone recognized this.) Valid refusals vs. Valid Requests: Another rejected argument 1. What makes cessation of treatment permissible is the patient’s valid refusal of it. 2. Valid requests do not create the same moral obligations on doctors as valid refusals. 3. Valid requests for death do not make VAE and AS permissible. 4. If valid requests do not make these permissible, nothing does. 5. VAE and AS are not permissible. Beauchamp rejects premise 2 & 3. He thinks 2 is an over generalization. Some valid
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118 Beauchamp on Voluntary Active Euthanasia - Beauchamp on...

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