MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE

MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE - POL 105 STUDY GUIDE Format The exam...

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POL 105 STUDY GUIDE Format: The exam will have two parts. The first part will be a series of short answer questions. The second part of the exam will be a medium length essay. The exam will be closed book and closed notes. Please bring a blue book to the exam. Some major concepts/ideas to study for: Articles of Confederation: formal document that provides structure of government from the start of declaration of independence to 1789 (when replaced by the constitution). Early period of the government, there was a long set of experience with legislative institution. And as the revolution took steam, the 13 colonies joined together as a Confederation, aka, Articles of Confederation. · the first constitution of the United States of America. Specified how the national government was to operate. Sought to combine the disparate colonies under a single governmental entity · no executive branch · delegates elected by state legislatures ·1 year terms, can serve no more than 3 years out of 6 years ·State legislatures could recall delegates for any reason at any time ·Each state had one vote ·Major law required 9 out of 13 states to agree, while amending the constitution required unanimity Weaknesses: ·did not have the power to collect the taxes needed to pay for the expenses of the national government · could not pay nations debt nor provide government programs and services · Without a uniform national currency, trading was a difficult process · people of each state saw themselves as citizens of their states as opposed to citizens of an entire nation Most of the times the states refused to obey the laws of Congress Virginia Plan The Virginia plan was proposed by Edmund Randolph, in the year of 1787, at the Philadelphia convention and drafted by James Madison. The plan traced the broad outlines of what would become the U.S. Constitution: a national government consisting of three branches with checks and balances to prevent the abuse of power. In its amended form, this page of Madison's plan shows his ideas for a legislature. It describes 2 houses: one with members elected by the people for 3-year terms and the other composed of older leaders elected by the state legislatures for 7-year terms. Both would use population as a basis for dividing seats among the states. The Virginia Plan went through several revisions before it was finalized.
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MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE - POL 105 STUDY GUIDE Format The exam...

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