Thursday,+November+10+Lecture

Thursday,+November+10+Lecture - Marginal Science Chapter 4...

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Marginal Science Chapter 4
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Tasks for Thursday, November 10 Review Questions Review of Exercise 3.1 from Assignment 2 Marginal Science – Chapter 4 Avenues of Failure (a) Denial of models (b) No appeal to real-world data Cases of theory underdetermination (c) Multiple theories, same prediction (d) Same theory, multiple predictions (e) Vague predictions
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Review Questions What is falsificationism? What is the hypothetico-deductive model concerning science What is underdetermination of a hypothesis? What is the watchmaker argument?
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Exercise 3.1 from Book Most popular descriptions of the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century , like that of this text, follow Galleo’s own presentation in concentrating on the conflict between the Ptolemaic and Copernican system. Yet at the time there was a third alternative, which had been proposed by the equally famous Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe (1546-1601). In the Tychonic system, Earth remains at the center of the universe and the Sun revolves around Earth. The
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The Tychonic System
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Exercise 3.1 – Testing the competing theories: Copernican vs. Tychonic System of the World Solar System Copernican Galileo observes the phases of Venus PREDICTION: Venus should have phases Reasoning/Calculation Observation/Experimentation using a telescope Do these agree? YES! Tychoni c Galileo’s observation of the phases of the Venus is inconclusive evidence to establish the Copernican system.
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Avenues of Failure: (a) Denial of Models Studying poetry Other examples?
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Avenues of Failure: (b) No use of data What are some examples of such an “inquiry”?
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marginal science? 1.
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course X 220 taught by Professor Emily during the Fall '11 term at Indiana.

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Thursday,+November+10+Lecture - Marginal Science Chapter 4...

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