Notes - KNH 329 CHAPTERS 1 2 3 -Wikipedia is bad because...

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KNH 329 CHAPTERS 1 2 3 --Wikipedia is bad because there is no verification of material!! **Anyone can submit information Health Psychology --The application of psychological principals and research to the enhancement of health, and the prevention and treatment of illness. Why do some students smoke cigarettes? --Relieve tension --Decrease appetite --Social behavior --Social anxiety (crutch) --Addiction --Rebellious Why don’t all students drink alcohol? --History of alcoholism in the family --Fear of the law --Don’t like how they act when drunk/bad experiences --Religion Why do some students go to the health center seemingly every week? --OCD --Really are sick --Hyper sensitive Healthy People 2020 --National initiative to increase health/wellness in the US --A set of health objectives for the Nation to achieve over the second decade of the new century. + Trying to improve health + Started with the 1979 Surgeon General’s Report Aspects of Healthy People 2020 Vision —A society in which all people live long, healthy lives. Mission —Healthy People 2020 strives to: 1. Identify nationwide health improvement priorities 2. Increase public awareness and understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability, and the opportunities for progress. 3. Provide measureable objectives and goals that are applicable at the national, state, and local levels.
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4. Engage multiple sectors to take actions to strengthen policies and improve practices that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge. 5. Identify critical research, evaluation, and data collection needs. Overarching Goals 1. Attain high quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death. 2. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups. 3. Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all. 4. Promote quality of life, healthy development, and healthy behaviors across all life stages. Development of Healthy Psychology --In part due to change in the nature of illness --The major health problems in the US are caused by chronic conditions Leading Causes of death 15-24 1. Unintentional Injury 2. Homicide 3. Suicide Definitions 1. Primary Prevention —The prevention of illness and diseases either by increasing health- promoting behavior and/or by decreasing health-damaging behavior. 2. Secondary Prevention —The detection of illness at an early stage, as a way of recuing its effects. 3. Tertiary Prevention —Actions taken to minimize or slow the damage caused by an illness or disease. Biomedical Model --Formed in the 19 th and 20 th century --Proposes that illnesses are cause by physical problems --Body and Mind operate separately --Focuses on disease, not health Fails to explain how: --Personality --Cognitive beliefs --Social Support --Relationship between provider and patient **All of these can influence development of illness and recovery from illness** Biopsychosocial Model
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course KNH 329 taught by Professor Ward during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Notes - KNH 329 CHAPTERS 1 2 3 -Wikipedia is bad because...

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