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Unformatted text preview: 1 °C1 Latent heat of vaporization = 2.4 kJ g1 Latent heat of fusion = 0.33 kJ g1 Dissociation of hydrochloric acid: HCl ↔ H + + Cl – Equilibrium reactions and constants: H 2 O ↔ H + + OH – K w = 1014 M 2 H 2 CO 3 ↔ H + + HCO 3 – K 1 = 106.35 M HCO 3 – ↔ H + + CO 3 2– K 2 = 1010.33 M CMFR general equation: dC/dt = S – LC Solution to CMFR general equation: C(t) = C o exp(–Lt) + (S/L)[1exp(–Lt)] Settling velocity for particles in water: v s = ( ρρ w ) d 2 g/(18 µ ), where ρ w and µ are the density and dynamic viscosity of water µ = 0.01 g cm1 s1 g = 9.81 m s2 Sedimentation basin efficiency, η = v s /v c Radiative forcing of greenhouse gases as function of concentration, F = f (C): Linear region, ∆ F = k 1 ∆ C Square root region, ∆ F = k 2 ∆ C Logarithmic region, ∆ F = k 3 ∆ (lnC)...
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 Spring '09
 CHOW
 University of California, DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL, CMFR general equation

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