6. The New Science

6. The New Science - 6. The New Science I. II. The...

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6. The New Science I. The Aristotelian World View a. Cosmology a.i. Sphere of fixed stars (i.e. crystalline sphere) a.i.1. Universe is finite a.ii. Geostatic and more or less geocentric a.ii.1. We are not in motion (geostatic) a.iii. Catholic Medieval Addition: God is the “Prime Mover” of the Celestial Spheres b. Texts b.i. Aristotle’s Physics (350 BCE) b.ii. Ptolemy’s Almagest (147 AD) b.ii.1. Roman astronomer known for his detailed observation of the heavens based on the Aristotilian sense of where the planets are. b.iii. There is a lot of cultural weight based on these texts; people had been learning these concepts for hundreds of years. c. Attitudes – they knew that Aristotle and Ptolemy’s data was not correct; as a result, they adopted these attitude to make allowances for the incorrect data. c.i. Man can never know the Heavens except through models and theories c.ii. Math may be very, very bad c.iii. God is perfect, circles are perfect, everything is circles c.iv. “Saving the appearances” through epicycles. c.iv.1. Needed to find a way to explain away observation while obtaining the theoretical models put forth by Aristotle. II. Cosmological Revolution (Copernicus + Brahe + Kepler + Galileo) a. Nicholas Copernicus (1473 – 1543) – began the cosmological revolution. a.i.
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6. The New Science - 6. The New Science I. II. The...

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