10. The Decadence of the Old Regime

10. The Decadence of the Old Regime - 10. The Decadence of...

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10. The Decadence of the Old Regime I. The Three Estates a. The Three Estates – firmly guarded in the interest of clergy and aristocracy to make sure that the difference between aristocrats and peasants remained firm; power/conservatism/resistance to change. a.i. 1 st Estate: Clergy a.i.1. Owned 5-10% of land; 10,000 on the eve of the revolution. a.i.2. Per capita, they were the largest land-owning class. a.i.3. Were exempt from paying taxes to the government. a.ii. 2 nd Estate: Aristocracy a.ii.1. Included 400,000 on the eve of the French Revolution; family-based order. a.ii.2. Since the death of Louis XIV, the aristocracy regained power; only Louis XIV was able to suppress the power of the aristocracy. a.ii.3. Were exempt from paying taxes to the government because they provided military system to France. a.iii. 3 rd Estate (an estimated 25 million people) – were compelled to pay taxes; no loopholes to exploit; bourgeoisie managed to shift some of their tax burdens to the peasants. a.iii.1.
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course HIST 103g taught by Professor Harkness during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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10. The Decadence of the Old Regime - 10. The Decadence of...

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