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Unformatted text preview: The Three Kingdoms- China split into three kingdoms to 280 B.C. - Theme : with unity and strength/ the more territory controlled under unified rule, the stronger the regime and the better the lives of people. With disunity (civil war, factional strife, etc) come weakness, decline, and misery. - Eunuchs garnered great favor under the emperor; curried the disfavor of Zhang Jue – he then left and formed a movement whereby there was an age of great peace/equality and the fall of the Han dynasty. There was great inequality – the rich got richer and the common people suffered. - Zhang Jue, along with his brother, led an armed rebellion called the Yellow Scarves aimed at replacing the Han dynasty by force. Author’s view is conservative and he regards the Yellow Scarves rebellion as traitors to the Han; rebels who seek to destabilize the established authority. - Emperor – calamities mean that there is too much yin (female – eunuchs associated as females in the palace). - Liu Bei starts with humble beginnings; lacks land, funds to start an army, and manpower; has no area that he can call his own. - Zhao Yun (Zhao Zi-long)- Liu Biao is a governor of a province in Jingzhou; not everyone in Jingzhou is welcoming to Liu Bei. - Succession: eldest son, if mentally and physically capable, should succeed – tradition; not arguable. - Cai family wants to assassinate Liu Bei at a banquet; warned by Yi Ji. He barely escapes across the river on an inauspicious white horse. - Hui Sima – man of great sensitivity/acuity. - Liu Bei is in Jingzhou with Liu Biao; needs a geographical area and an advisor. - Liu Bei is an outsider to Jingzhou; however, he realizes how important Jingzhou can be if he can own it. - The hindrance is that he is an outsider and can’t usurp the area. - Liu Biao told Liu Bei that he is destined for greatness since Cao Cao identified him as the other hero in the world besides himself. - Accidently discloses that he wants to take over Jingzhou; wife (Lady Cai) warns husband (Liu Biao) that he let in a dangerous element into Jing Zhou; he wants to take over from inside. - Children jingles were prophetic; needs a scholar who can understand these things (cryptic language). o [Jingle p. 114]- Jian An period (196 A.D. – 204 A.D. / reign title): anything but peaceful but auspicious sounding; anytime a natural event happens, the reign title is changed. - During this period, Liu Biao lost his first wife and he remarried woman of the Cai family. Around this time, everything (Liu Biao’s reign, Jingzhou) begins to fall apart because he gives a lot of preference to the Cai family and wants to nominate sons. According to the jingle, by 208 A.D., Liu Biao is going to die. Liu Bei is compared to the dragon; he can soar and take over Jingzhou. Unfortunately, Liu Biao has in mind other people to take over Jingzhou, which is a hindrance. Liu Bei is troubled – he doesn’t want to dispossess his kinsman but wants the area since Jingzhou is “prime real estate”. -...
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- Spring '07
- Three Kingdoms, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Cao Cao, Liu Bei, Sun Quan, Zhu Ge Liang