Final Exam Study Guide 2

Final Exam Study Guide 2 - Final Exam Study Guide I. Short...

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Final Exam Study Guide I. Short Answers ( 1. definition 2. example- where we talked about it in class 3. why is it significant; why are we talking about it in class? ) Sociology of superordinates (Feagin & O’Brien; Messner) Advantaged/disadvantaged by social construction o In order to have white, you must have blacks; in order to have heterosexual, you must have homosexuals. Started by C. Wright Mills Gives the superordinates an idea about what’s going on; superordinants have the power to bring about social change. Social stratification Inequality (white; male; heterosexual; wealthy is on top) Not clear cut hierarchy; can have a variety (white, but female, but heterosexual, but poor) Messner’s book (stratification between males) – all men, but within males there are the leaders, the audience (cheers on the leader), and the marginals. Maintained by formal (laws) or informal (body politics – patting people on the back , speech politics, etc.) A white guy with a criminal record gets hired more than a black guy; residential segregation reinforces social stratification. Prop 8 is formal segregation – law that makes homosexuals second class citizens; deny rights. Provides people a mean of analyzing how people become socially stratified. Meritocracy Idea that people can succeed through hard work Not true because of institutionalized inequality; Feagin and O’Brien call meritocracy a myth because poor people work harder than normal people yet the hours put in translates into wealth and status. Ex. Maids and janitors work harder than professors yet have less wealth and status. Messner does not believe that meritocracy is a myth because there are examples of people who have worked hard and achieved the American Dream (Obama); it’s not a lie because there are examples of success. However, it is problematic because it obscures the fact that structural inequality exists by saying that since a small handfull of people have succeeded through meritocracy (Obama), disadvantaged people can’t complain about structural inequality. Sincere fictions Something false that is believed as a true representation of society (ex. stereotypes) ex. Black people are lazy – problem is, not all black people are lazy. This works to obscure the fact that these are social constructions; hanging meanings on biology. Women have babies so they are naturally caring, motherly, etc. ex. White people – “I got where I am because I worked hard”. Colorblind discourse The belief that one does not see race Biological racism – slavery; inferior because of race Cultural racism – discreet; women like caring for children so they should stay at home. White people are more likely to not see race because they are not often discriminated against; however,
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Final Exam Study Guide 2 - Final Exam Study Guide I. Short...

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