EngCmp Test - Syllable: unit of sound Morpheme: unit of...

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Syllable: unit of sound Morpheme: unit of meaning What Language groups were involved in the development of the English Language during the Old English period and the transition to Middle English? Romans (Latin) Celtics/Britons Anglo Saxons, Jutes (Germanic Scandinavian, Danes French/Normans What different factors might account for the variety and diversity of a language at any given time? (snapshot) Location-where they live-regional dialect Interaction with other groups-contact Institutional influences and differences: religion, education, government (law) Social classes/power relations/ruling class Stylistic Variation: Genre, individual writers What different forces might cause a language to change over time? (moving picture) Migration-large scale movement of populations/contact-separation Power struggle and Power shifts Loss of documents (Viking raids) Institutional Influences Describe some of the “big changes” in the English Language during the Old English period and the transition to Middle English. Lexicon/Vocabulary Loan Words Grammar/Syntax Word Order (inflectional-analytical) Phonetics Identify two periods when efforts were made to standardize the English Language. Name some of the individuals involved in these efforts. What approach to grammar so these efforts represent? 890’s West Saxon-King Alfred attempts to standardize spelling Late 17 th and 18 th century-Dryden, Swift, Lowth, Murray, Johnson-prescriptive grammarians or sticklers arise and create rules for correct usage They were “prescribing” or telling everybody to follow certain rules Late 1600’s: John Dryden’s preposition rule (can’t end a sentence with a prep)
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course ENGCMP 1551 taught by Professor Elizabethmatway during the Fall '11 term at Pittsburgh.

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EngCmp Test - Syllable: unit of sound Morpheme: unit of...

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