sociology take home essay 1

sociology take home essay 1 - 1 Essay 2 Karl Marx saw the...

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1 Essay 2 Karl Marx saw the alienation that capitalism created as “a barrier to social change;” whereas, Max Weber viewed alienation to be the product of too many rules created by bureaucracies. My everyday life experiences relate more to Weber’s theory as proposed to modern society. First Karl Marx believed that capitalism alienates workers from developing their personal potential by denying them a say in what they make or how much they make of it. Marx believed that capitalism turned man into a machine long before a machine could work without the man to control it. Secondly, he thought capitalism took away the product of enjoyment from their work. He believed that the more a man invested in his work, the more he would lose from it. Quintessentially, he theorized that man does not keep any of the things he produces; thus in a factory or at a computer station, he has lost everything he has worked to complete. Lastly, Marx blamed capitalism for isolating people from their coworkers. He understood capitalism and the competition created by it as a means that drove individuals to produce the most the fastest and he believed it promoted rivalries that inhibited a cooperative work environment. Max Weber’s explanation to the cause of alienation in human society has some similarities, but overall it is quite different. Specifically, Weber theorized that the rules and regulations created by bureaucracies created alienation. He thought that the government treated humans as numbers rather than as individuals. Weber believed that creating too many rules would eventually crush the human spirit, and deprive the individual of any pleasure and motivation to continue the performance of efficient, hard work. In this, he predicted that if society continued on this path, people would eventually become more like robots than human beings.
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2 Marx thought that economic inequality caused alienation in modern society, where Weber, on the other hand, believed it was caused by a bureaucracy’s rules and regulations. Collectively, both Marx and Weber agreed that industrial capitalism was highly productive, but for the individual, they saw working in modern society as a monotonous and repetitive routine consisting of tedious and tiresome drudgery. They also agreed that capitalism allowed the creation to rule the creator. Their theories seem to deviate from one another only in where they place the blame of this causation. I personally experienced Max Weber’s explanation of alienation.
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course SOC 150 taught by Professor Francistringuyen during the Spring '10 term at La Salle.

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sociology take home essay 1 - 1 Essay 2 Karl Marx saw the...

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