Film Midterm Study

Film Midterm Study - FILM 106A: MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE...

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FILM 106A: MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Material covered: Lecture, Weeks 1 – 5 Movie Made America , Chapters 1-12 Key companies covered in class: Edison: Motion Picture Production company owned by Tomas Edison Made almost 1200 films 54 feature lengths, rest were shorts First studio- Black Maria NJ Second studio in Manhattan William Gilmore is VP William Dickson supervisor- left in 1895 Made the kinetoscope Beginning films were shorts showing people in every day life Longer films- the great train robbery, Alice in wonderland, Frankenstein Important director Edwin S. Porter, Joined the Trust: Motion Pictures Patents Company: Edision, Biograph, Essanay Studios, Kalem Company, George Kleine Products, Lubin Studios, George Melies, Pathe, Selig Studios, and Vitagraph Studios Biograph: Founder- William Dickson Bypassed edison’s patents by modifying the designs in the camera and the mutoscope to more resemble a flipbook than a movie reel. Also converted from short clips to narrative films In order to prevent others from stealing its work illegally, Biograph put words “AB” randomly throughout the film.\ D.W.Griffith join Biograph in 1908, moved to Hollywood in 1910, left because of low budget movies in 1913 Decline started 1908 when it was forced to join the Edison Trust Trust delayed biograph’s transition into the feature film When the trust died, so did biograph. For the remainder of its years, it stopped making new films because it could not compete with the star system. Spend the rest of its times re-issuing old films. The Motion Picture Patents Company (“the Trust”) Had: ( Edison , Biograph , Vitagraph , Essanay , Selig , Lubin , Kalem , American Star , American Pathé ), the leading film distributor ( George Kleine ) and the biggest supplier of raw film stock , Eastman Kodak Had to let Biograph join because it had the Latham film loop patent
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Judged by the supreme court in United States v. Motion Picture Patents Co. 1917 to be in violation of the Sherman antitrust act Disbanded in 1918 Banned the Sales of film, rather, replaced it with rentals so that used films could be re-rented at a different price for lower level theatres Used mob violence and connections to threaten patent infringers The Independents IMP/Universal Started by Carl Laemmle-Jewish immigrant He is very cautious Recruited the Biograph girl- Florence Laurence Used the Star System Practiced Horizontal integration (lacked exhibition venues) Biggest hits- Hunchback of notre dame 1923 and Phantom of the opera 1925 Refused to develop theatre chain Refused to go into debt Laemmle lost control of the company on the show boat musical When they could not pay back their first debt Famous Players/Paramount Started with the famous players film company Paramount pictures is a startup company that combined with Famous player First successful nationwide distributor
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course ASIAN AM 122A taught by Professor Camacho during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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Film Midterm Study - FILM 106A: MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE...

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