ExtraCredit - Extra Credit Due Tuesday, Dec. 6 PSY 321:...

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Extra Credit — Due Tuesday, Dec. 6 PSY 321: Psychology of Personality, Fall 2011 This course covers seven approaches to the study of personality: Trait, Biological, Psychoanalytic, Neoanalytic, Phenomenological, Learning, and Cognitive. For your extra credit opportunity, you are to read the description of each example below and identify which of the seven approaches it best fits into. This will require you to understand the main themes and issues characterizing each approach we have studied. On a separate piece of paper, identify the best approach for each study by typing the number of the example and the name of the approach. Each approach will be used at least once. Each correctly identified example is worth .5 pt, for a possible 5 points total on this extra credit opportunity. Answers must be typed (i.e., no handwritten assignments). This extra credit is due by the beginning of class on Tuesday, Dec. 6. No email submissions will be accepted. Example 1 Article Title: Goal relevance and the affective experience of daily life: Ruling out situational explanations. Year of Publication: 1995 Authors: Fleeson,W., & Cantor, N. Abstract: Hypothesized that the content of the goal an individual pursues in a given event will remain associated with affect, even while controlling for the situational, interpersonal, or temporal contexts of the event. 54 sorority women participated in (1) an intake assessment of 7 life- task goals (e.g., being involved with someone, establishing future goals, doing well academically) on 15 dimensions (e.g., importance, enjoyment, time spent); (2) a 15-day experience sampling and diary phase; and (3) an outcome assessment. Results showed that goal relevance can vary while contexts are held constant, and that this variation remains associated with variation in affect while the context is held constant, thus ruling out context as an explanation of these associations. Additionally, the importance of a goal to an individual was related to this variation in goal pursuit within each context. Example 2 Article Title: A dual-process model of defense against conscious and unconscious death-related thoughts: An extension of terror management theory. Year of Publication: 1999 Authors: Pyszczynski, T., Greenberg, J., & Solomon, S. Abstract: Distinct defensive processes are activated by conscious and nonconscious but accessible thoughts of death. Proximal defenses, which entail suppressing death-related thoughts or pushing the problem of death into the distant future by denying one's vulnerability, are rational, threat-focused, and activated when thoughts of death are in current focal attention. Distal terror management defenses, which entail maintaining self-esteem and faith in one's cultural worldview, function to control the potential for anxiety that results from knowing that death is inevitable. These defenses are experiential, are not related to the problem of death in any semantic or logical way, and are increasingly activated as the accessibility of death-related
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ExtraCredit - Extra Credit Due Tuesday, Dec. 6 PSY 321:...

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