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Unformatted text preview: 1 P ERSONALITY D ISORDERS NORMAL VS. DISORDERED Normal Personality Distinguishing between normal and disordered CURRENT SYSTEM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), 2000 2 CURRENT SYSTEM Axis I: Clinical Syndromes Axis II: Personality Disorders (and Mental Retardation) Difference between Clinical & Personality Disorders CURRENT SYSTEM DSM Definitions Personality: “enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts.” When the personality traits constitute a rigid pattern of behavior leading to distress and impairment, a personality disorder is present. 1. Enduring Pattern of Inner Experience and Behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture. This pattern is manifest in two or more of the following areas: • cognition (i.e., ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events) • affectivity (i.e., the range, intensity, lability, and appropriateness of emotional response) • interpersonal functioning • impulse control 2. The enduring pattern is inFexible and pervasive across a broad range of personal...
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- Fall '11
- Psychology, Borderline personality disorder, Antisocial personality disorder, Trait theory