Psychology and Health Problems

Psychology and Health Problems - Psychology and Health...

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Psychology and Health Problems Michaela Schwartz PSY/210 5/8/2011 Instructor: Mandy Smith Psychology and Health Problems Psychological factors play a tremendous role in many different physical disorders; this paper discusses two of those disorders headaches, and premenstrual syndrome. Many people believe that the illnesses of the mind and those of the body are completely separate; it is only in the recent years that studies have been done by scientists on the workings of the mind and those relationships with the body. What these scientists are finding is that these illnesses of the mind and body are much more closely related and intertwined than anyone had originally thought. A person’s health and wellness depends on many factors, all part of the multifactorial model. This model includes six different factors scientists believe affect a person’s physical as well as mental health; stressors, behavior, personality, environmental factors, sociocultural factors, and biological factors (Nevid, J. and Rathus, S., 2005) The multifactorial model is the belief that there is no single reason why a person contracts an illness, either mental or physical, that the contraction of said illness depends on many factors including a person’s social background, family history, environmental factors, stressors, behavior, and personality. Some of the factors within this model can be controlled such as diet, exercise, alcohol consumption, and whether or not a person decides to smoke cigarettes or do illegal drugs. On the other hand there are some factors which cannot be controlled such as genetic background, age, gender, and ethnicity. Then, things get a little complicated. There are many factors listed within this model which either could or could not be controlled, depending on the person. For example a person having adequate water quality, not being exposed to pollution or radiation, and not having a large family may seem like things that a person can control at first; but, what if that person is a child, or a person living in a third-world country, then those are things the person cannot avoid. The shoe goes on the other foot as well though; there are things such as anxiety,
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depression, optimism versus pessimism, and being in tremendous pain. These are things many
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Psychology and Health Problems - Psychology and Health...

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