Post-Impressionism_Van Gogh.pptx - ART HISTORY 4450...

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ART HISTORY 4450 Post-Impressionism: van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh (1853-90) biography : son of a minister vocations: 1869-76: art dealer w/ Goupil (The Hague; London; Paris) 1876: schoolmaster in England 1877-79: lay preacher to working poor in Belgium 1880: abandons religious pursuits; devotes himself exclusively to painting miners & poverty- stricken weavers; Theo begins to financially support Vincent, which continues until VG's death training: self-taught; briefly attends Antwerp Academy (1886) career: not marked by financial success moved to Paris in 1886 lives w/ brother, Theo (art dealer) correspondences introduced to artists (e.g., Seurat, Toulouse-Lautrec, Gauguin, Emile Bernard) discovers color & divisionism leads to distinctive dashed brushstrokes of later work died, having sold only one work
Van Gogh: Early Career (c. 1880-1885) The Hague (1881–1883) cousin-in-law, painter Anton Mauve, encouraged VG towards painting; disagreement over issue of drawing from plaster casts domestic relationship w/ prostitute, Clasina Maria Hoornik (a.k.a. Sien) and young daughter July 1882: Sien gives birth to baby boy, Willem (VG’s middle name) June 1883: VG spends three weeks in hospital suffering gonorrhea Autumn 1883: abandons Sien and two children Spring 1883: uncle Cornelis, art dealer, commissions twenty (20) ink drawings of city Summer 1883: VG begins to paint in oil Nuenen (1883–1885) locale: The Netherlands autumn 1884: falls in love w/ neighbor's daughter, ten years older than VG agree to marry, but opposed by both families she tries to kill herself and VG rushes her to hospital March 1885: VG's father dies of stroke Spring 1885: for first time, interest from Paris in his work (i.e., The Potato Eaters ) August 1885: work exhibited for first time in windows of paint dealer, Leurs, in The Hague September 1885: accused of impregnating young peasant sitters; Catholic village priest forbids villagers from modeling for him
Van Gogh’s Early period The Potato Eaters (1885)
Van Gogh: Early Career (c. 1880-1885) Antwerp (November 1885 - February 1886) rents room above paint dealer's shop in Rue des Images little money and ate poorly (i.e., bread, coffee, and tobacco his staple intake) spends money his brother Theo sent to him on painting materials and models applies himself to study of color theory spent time looking at work in museums, particularly work of Peter Paul Rubens bought Japanese “ukiyo-e” woodcuts; imitated and incorporated into backgrounds began to drink absinthe heavily treated for syphilis January 1886: matriculates at Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp studies painting and drawing despite disagreements over his rejection of academic teaching, he nevertheless took the higher-level admission exams
Van Gogh: Early Career (c. 1880-1885) Skull w/ Burning Cigarette (1885) phase: winter in Antwerp

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