Brazilday2 - Relative Valuation Aswath Damodaran 1 What is...

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1 Relative Valuation Relative Valuation Aswath Damodaran
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2 What is relative valuation? What is relative valuation? In relative valuation, the value of an asset is compared to the values assessed by the market for similar or comparable assets. To do relative valuation then, we need to identify comparable assets and obtain market values for these assets convert these market values into standardized values , since the absolute prices cannot be compared This process of standardizing creates price multiples. compare the standardized value or multiple for the asset being analyzed to the standardized values for comparable asset, controlling for any differences between the firms that might affect the multiple, to judge whether the asset is under or over valued
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3 Relative valuation is pervasive… Relative valuation is pervasive… Most valuations on Wall Street are relative valuations. Almost 85% of equity research reports are based upon a multiple and comparables. More than 50% of all acquisition valuations are based upon multiples Rules of thumb based on multiples are not only common but are often the basis for final valuation judgments. While there are more discounted cashflow valuations in consulting and corporate finance, they are often relative valuations masquerading as discounted cash flow valuations. The objective in many discounted cashflow valuations is to back into a number that has been obtained by using a multiple. The terminal value in a significant number of discounted cashflow valuations is estimated using a multiple.
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4 Why relative valuation? Why relative valuation? “If you think I’m crazy, you should see the guy who lives across the hall” Jerry Seinfeld talking about Kramer in a Seinfeld episode “ A little inaccuracy sometimes saves tons of explanation” H.H. Munro “ If you are going to screw up, make sure that you have lots of company” Ex-portfolio manager
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5 So, you believe only in intrinsic value? Here is So, you believe only in intrinsic value? Here is why you should still care about relative value why you should still care about relative value Even if you are a true believer in discounted cashflow valuation, presenting your findings on a relative valuation basis will make it more likely that your findings/recommendations will reach a receptive audience. In some cases, relative valuation can help find weak spots in discounted cash flow valuations and fix them. The problem with multiples is not in their use but in their abuse. If we can find ways to frame multiples right, we should be able to use them better.
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6 Standardizing Value Standardizing Value You can standardize either the equity value of an asset or the value of the asset itself, which goes in the numerator.
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Brazilday2 - Relative Valuation Aswath Damodaran 1 What is...

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