ch_3 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 3 Properties of...

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1 Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 3: Properties of Language Language is Intentional Communication Intentional Communication– conveys a message Unintentionally Informative Signals – not an intentional message Unique characteristics of human language Core features of Language: Displacement Arbitrariness Productivity Cultural transmission Discreteness Duality Other characteristics not mentioned in chapter: Acquisition Rule- governed Dialect
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2 Displacement Language can be used to talk about things that are not present in the immediate environment Animal communication is restricted to here and now Arbitrariness No connection between a word and its meaning No natural or iconic relationship between a linguistic form and its meaning Exception – onomatopoeia Productivity Creation of novel utterances Understanding utterances that we have never heard Consequence: Potential number of utterances is infinite Animals have a limited number of signals that have a fixed reference
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