ch_3 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 3: Properties of...

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1 Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 3: Properties of Language ± Language is Intentional Communication ± Intentional Communication– conveys a message ± Unintentionally Informative Signals – not an intentional message Unique characteristics of human language Core features of Language: ± Displacement ± Arbitrariness ± Productivity ± Cultural transmission ± Discreteness ± Duality Other characteristics not mentioned in chapter: ± Acquisition ± Rule- governed ± Dialect
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2 Displacement ± Language can be used to talk about things that are not present in the immediate environment ± Animal communication is restricted to here and now Arbitrariness ± No connection between a word and its meaning ± No natural or iconic relationship between a linguistic form and its meaning ± Exception – onomatopoeia Productivity ± Creation of novel utterances ± Understanding utterances that we have never heard ± Consequence: Potential number of utterances is infinite ± Animals have a limited number of signals that have a fixed reference
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ch_3 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 3: Properties of...

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