Ch_4 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 4: Animals and...

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1 Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 4: Animals and Human language Do animals really “understand” words like humans? Or do animals produce a particular behavior in response to a stimulus? Chimpanzees and language ± The chimpanzee has 99% of its basic genetics in common with humans. ± Non-human primates do not have a physically structured vocal tract suitable for producing human sounds. ± In early attempts to teach chimps human language, people raised chimps in their home.
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2 Washoe ± Beatrix and Allen Gardner taught ASL to Washoe (raised like a human). ± After 3.5 years, she used signs for 100+ words – airplane, baby, banana, window, woman, you. ± Produced 2-3 word phrases – gimme tickle, more fruit, open food drink. All of which were requests. ± Created her own signs (bib, water bird for swan). ± Seemed capable of having basic conversations (question-answer). ± Understood many more signs than she could produce. Sarah ± Ann and David Premack used a set of plastic shapes representing words to communicate. ± Did not learn ASL, lived in a cage, trained with food rewards. ± The shapes/words could be arranged in order to form sentences (vertical). ± Symbols were arbitrary.
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Ch_4 - Study of Language COMD 2050 Chapter 4: Animals and...

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