1Study of LanguageCOMD 2050Chapter 5: Sounds of Language5 basic aspects of speech productionNormal speech is produced through a complex series of movements that combine:Respiration: breathing.Phonation: producing voice.Articulation: forming speech sounds by constricting the airstream with the lips and the tongue.Resonance: allowing air flow through the nose during the production of some sounds.Prosody: adding stress and rhythm to your speech.RespirationBreathing provides the energy source for speech.The vocal folds (in the larynx) are the valves that control the air flow out of the lungs.Vocal folds = Vocal chordsLarynx = Voice box
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2RespirationThe larynx is made of cartilage, so it feels hard like bone but the vocal folds are fleshy. They are made of muscle, collagen and membrane.The vocal folds are at the level of your Adam’s apple – top part of the larynx.The larynx is made of cartilage. The vocal folds are made of muscle, collagen and membrane.PhonationThe production of a voice by the larynx.Air flowing between the moving vocal folds produces sound.Changes in the amount of air flowing through the vocal folds and the position and configuration of the vocal folds allow us to sing and talk at different pitches and loudness levels.ResonanceRefers to whether air flows out of the nose.If the air flows out through the nose during speech, the sound produced is a nasalsound.If all the air goes out through the mouth, a nonnasalspeech sound is produced.