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Ch_8 - Chapter 8 Morphology Morphology Morphology the study...

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1 Chapter 8 Morphology Morphology Morphology: the study of the forms or structure of words and their parts. Morphemes The smallest unit of meaning A minimal unit that can have a dictionary meaning and a grammatical meaning A minimal unit that has constant meaning (most of the time) and definite structure (most of the time)
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2 Morphemes Dog Talks Tourists Morphology A morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning. Every word has at least one morpheme. Morpheme does not equal syllable. Morphology Dogs = Dog + s, 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Kissed = Kiss + ed, 2 morphemes, 1 syllable Men’s = man + plural + possessive, 3 morphemes, 1 syllable.
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3 Morphology Un = a morpheme These morphemes have definite structure – not in random order. Unhappyhappyun Unlucky luckyun Unsatisfied satisfiedun Morphology “un” can only attach to certain types of morhphemes (only adjectives, not nouns). Undog Undoor Unrug Unhappy Unlucky Morphology Tourists contains 3 morphemes: “Tour” means to travel or visit. “ist” is a morpheme that attaches to a verb and turns into a noun meaning “one who does whatever action the verb indicates”. “ist” changes the meaning from “to travel” to “one who travels”.
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