Ch_8 - Chapter 8 Morphology Morphology Morphology: the...

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1 Chapter 8 Morphology Morphology ± Morphology: the study of the forms or structure of words and their parts. Morphemes ± The smallest unit of meaning ± A minimal unit that can have a dictionary meaning and a grammatical meaning ± A minimal unit that has constant meaning (most of the time) and definite structure (most of the time)
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2 Morphemes ± Dog ± Talks ± Tourists Morphology ± A morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning. ± Every word has at least one morpheme. ± Morpheme does not equal syllable. Morphology ± Dogs = Dog + s, 2 morphemes, 1 syllable ± Kissed = Kiss + ed, 2 morphemes, 1 syllable ± Men’s = man + plural + possessive, 3 morphemes, 1 syllable.
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Morphology Un = a morpheme These morphemes have definite structure – not in random order. ± Unhappyhappyun ± Unlucky luckyun ± Unsatisfied satisfiedun Morphology “un” can only attach to certain types of morhphemes (only adjectives, not nouns). ± Undog ± Undoor ± Unrug ± Unhappy ± Unlucky Morphology Tourists contains 3 morphemes: ± “Tour” means to travel or visit. ± “ist” is a morpheme that attaches to a verb and turns into a noun meaning “one who does whatever action the verb indicates”. “ist” changes the meaning from “to travel” to “one who travels”. ± “s” has a grammatical meaning and changes the word
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Ch_8 - Chapter 8 Morphology Morphology Morphology: the...

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