Ch_11 - Chapter 11 Semantics Semantics Semantics the study...

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1 Chapter 11 Semantics Semantics ± Semantics: the study of the conventional meaning conveyed by the use of words, phrases, and sentences of a given language Meaning vs Association ± Conceptual meaning: covers the basic, essential components of meaning conveyed by the literal use of the word. ± Associations: words that come to mind when we hear a word but which are not part of the definition or meaning of the word.
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2 Approaches to word meanings ± Yule says that part of the job of semantics is to account for the fact that some syntactically correct sentences can be meaningless or strange. ± The hamburger ate the man. ± Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. Semantic features ± Selectional restriction: the verb selects only certain kinds of subjects. ± Semantic feature analysis: the way of describing the meanings of words in terms of categories that they do and do not belong to Semantic roles ± Agent: performs the action, the doer of the action ± Theme: entity involved in or affected by some
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2011 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Ch_11 - Chapter 11 Semantics Semantics Semantics the study...

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